Circle - Geometry for Kids - What is a circle? How do we know the radius or the circumference or the area of a circle?



A circle is the set of points on a plane that are all the same distance from a center point. Or, you could think of a circle as the part of the plane that lies inside those points. A circle is flat - it has no thickness. But every circle has a radius, a diameter, a circumference, and an area.

parts of a circle

The radius of a circle is the distance from the center point to any point on the edge of the circle, as shown in the picture. The diameter of a circle is twice the radius - the distance all the way across the circle at its widest point. The circumference of a circle (from "circa", the Latin word for "around") is the distance around the edge of the circle. And the area of the circle is all of the points on the plane inside the circle, taken together. A cool thing about circles is that we know one of these, we can figure out all of the others. If we know the radius of a circle, we can figure out its diameter, its circumference, and its area - or if we know the circumference, we can figure out the radius, the diameter, and the area. And we can prove that this will always work, for any circle.

Say we know that the radius of a certain circle is 10 centimeters. Click on the links to see how to calculate the diameter, the circumference, and the area of that circle.

If we draw a circle as a solid, not just in one plane, but all of the points in any direction that are the same distance from the center point, then we have a sphere.

Main Geometry page

To find out more about circles, check out these books from or from your library:

Science for Kids home page
History for Kids home page

Copyright 2012-2014 Karen Carr, Portland State University. This page last updated 2014. Powered by Dewahost.
About - Contact - Privacy Policy - What do the broom and the mop say when you open the closet door?